child and adolescent

Birth – 18 years.

Our child and adolescent Blogs

Fitness to practice: exercise for depression in adolescents

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Dave Steele warms up for the winter triathlon season by reading a new systematic review on the effect of exercise on depressive symptoms in adolescents.

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Early menarche associated with depressive symptoms in early adolescence

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Emily Stapley summarises a Mendelian randomisation study that investigates associations between the timing of menarche with depressive symptoms and depression in adolescence.

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Silver Diamine Fluoride can arrest caries in children

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This review of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) to arrest caries included 19 studies and suggest that 38% SDF can arrest 81% ( 68-89%) of active caries. . However none of the available studies was at low risk of bias so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Do analgesics before dental treatment reduce post treatment pain in children?

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This Cochrane review found 5 RCTs of pre-op analgesics prior to dental treatment for children under local anaesthetic. The evidence as insufficient to determine a benefit but there may be a benefit prior to orthodontic band placement. Further high quality studies are needed.

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Anterior open bite might be corrected with crib therapy

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This review of the use of habit-interception appliances to improve anterior open bite (AOB) included 11 controlled studies only 2 of which were randomised. The limited available evidence suggests that crib therapy could be considered as an effective treatment for the correction of AOB in growing patients.

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Guided or misguided? New advice on young people and drugs (SBIRT)

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Ian Hamilton considers a recent report from the American Academy of Paediatrics Committee on Substance Use and Prevention, which focuses on SBIRT (Substance Use Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment)

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Fluoride mouthrinse: regular supervised use reduces tooth decay in children

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This Cochrane review includes 37 RCTs and found regular supervised use of fluoride mouthrinse by children and adolescents is associated with a large reduction in caries increment in permanent teeth.

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Orthodontic brackets: type unlikely to affect oral hygiene

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12 small studies were included in this review of orthodontic brackets and their effect on pain and oral hygiene. No differences were seen between self-ligating and conventional brackets

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safeTALK for youth suicide prevention: new review finds no evidence of safety or efficacy

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Olivia Kirtley and Alys Cole-King appraise a new systematic review of the safeTALK school and community based youth suicide prevention intervention, which finds no evidence of safety or efficacy for this well established programme.

The blog also features a podcast featuring Olivia and Alys, along with Professor Stanley Kutcher, the lead author of this new review.

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