child and adolescent

Child and adolescent psychiatry is the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of psychopathological disorders of children, adolescents, and their families, child and adolescent psychiatry encompasses the clinical investigation of phenomenology, biologic factors, psychosocial factors, genetic factors, demographic factors, environmental factors, history, and the response to interventions of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders (Kaplan and Saddock).

Our child and adolescent Blogs

Vitamin D status and caries associated?

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Data from a cohort of children (6-11 years old) participating in the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) suggests an association between vitamin D status and dental caries. Children with 25(OH)D concentrations ≥75 nmol/L had a 39% lower odds of having experienced caries.

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Orthodontic retention – little high quality evidence to recommend any one approach to over another

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15 studies involving 1722 patients were included in this Cochrane review update on orthodontic retention. However, there was insufficient high quality evidence to make recommendations on retention procedures.

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Does teenage cannabis use lower intelligence?

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Ian Hamilton presents his debut blog on a recent prospective cohort study on the relationship between teenage cannabis use, IQ and educational attainment.

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Probiotics for caries prevention?

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This small trial of probiotics as an adjunct to toothbrushing with a fluoride toothpaste to reduce caries in pre-school children suggests some additional benefit. Further studies are needed to clarify the findings, assess dose response, acceptability and cost effectiveness.

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Sealants or fluoride varnish for caries prevention?

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This Cochrane review update included 8 trials involving 1746 participants. Some low-quality evidence suggesting the superiority of resin-based fissure sealants over fluoride varnish applications was identified

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Medication for cognitive impairment in traumatic brain injury: little evidence to support its use

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Eleanor Kennedy summarises a recent Cochrane review of pharmacotherapy for chronic cognitive impairment in traumatic brain injury, which finds insufficient evidence to support its use.

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Impact of malocclusion on oral health related quality of life is small

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40 cross-sectional studies involving a range or oral health related quality of life measures were included in this review. They found that malocclusion has a small impact on oral health related quality of life.

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Childhood bullying and mental illness in young adulthood

The risk of psychotic experiences was found to be increased for both self-reported bullies and victims at age 8 and 10.

Jasmin Wertz appraises a recent Finnish cohort study, which explores how different forms of children’s bullying involvement are associated with mental illness and use of specialised psychiatric services in young adulthood.

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Psychosocial suicide prevention in youth: is the evidence strong enough?

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Rachel Upthegrove appraises a recent systematic review of psychosocial suicide prevention for youth, which leaves her calling for better evidence to support investment in universal school-based interventions.

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Crowns more effective than fillings for decay in primary molar teeth

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Five RCTs were included in this Cochrane review comparing crowns with fillings for the management of caries in primary molars. Moderate evidence found crowns reduced the risk of major failure or pain in the long term compared to fillings

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