child and adolescent

Child and adolescent psychiatry is the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of psychopathological disorders of children, adolescents, and their families, child and adolescent psychiatry encompasses the clinical investigation of phenomenology, biologic factors, psychosocial factors, genetic factors, demographic factors, environmental factors, history, and the response to interventions of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders (Kaplan and Saddock).

Our child and adolescent Blogs

Amphetamines and methylphenidate for paediatric ADHD: meta-analysis of n-of-1 trials

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Samuele Cortese publishes his debut Mental Elf blog on a meta-analysis of n-of-1 trials, which shows that amphetamine derivatives and methylphenidate are superior to placebo, in the short term, for paediatric ADHD.

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Street connected children and youth: causes of homelessness in developed and developing countries

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Laura Hemming reports on a recent systematic review and meta-analysis, which explores the causes of child and youth homelessness in developed and developing countries.

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Psychotropic medication in pregnancy: new evidence may help achieve a safe balance

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Joanne Wallace considers a recent health technology assessment on the risks and benefits of psychotropic medication in pregnancy, which supports previous associations between valproate and adverse child outcomes.

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Smokescreen: smoking in the movies and initiation of smoking in adolescents

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Sally Adams on a new systematic review and meta-analysis which suggests that smoking imagery in films may increase the risk of smoking initiation in young people.

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Molar incisor hypomineralisation associated with caries

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17 low quality studies were included in this review of the association between molar incisor hypomineralisation and caries. A significant association was suggested but none of the studies was considered to be of high quality so the findings should be interpreted with caution.

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Molar incisor hypomineralisation- review suggests link with childhood illnesses

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For this review of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) 28 low quality studies were identified. The available evidence suggest that prenatal and perinatal factors are infrequently associated with MIH but that early childhood illness (in particular fever) may be associated.

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Infraorbital nerve block for postoperative pain following cleft lip repair in children

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This Cochrane review of Infraorbital nerve block for postoperative pain after cleft lip repair includes 8 trials providing low to very low quality evidence that infraorbital nerve block with lignocaine or bupivacaine may reduce postoperative pain more than placebo

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Eating disorders more common in schools with more girls or more educated parents

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Lucas Shelemy writes his debut Mental Elf blog about a paper by fellow Elf Helen Bould, which examines whether female student populations and higher levels of parental education are associated with changes in eating disorders prevalence.

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Dental Erosion – incidence and progression high in adolescents

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This cohort study followed 13-14 year old Swedish adolescents over 4 years finding high incidence and prevalence of erosion, with higher levels being seen in males.

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Psychosocial correlates of oral hygiene behaviour in children and adolescents

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This review included 31 data sets from 24 papers and indicates that ‘self-efficacy’, ‘intention’, ‘social influences’, ‘coping planning’ and ‘action planning’ are potential psychosocial determinants of oral health behaviour.

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