dementia

Dementia is a syndrome (a group of related symptoms) that is associated with an ongoing decline of the brain and its abilities. These include memory, thinking, language, understanding and judgement. The different types of dementia include Alzheimer’s disease (where small clumps of protein, known as plaques, begin to develop around brain cells. This disrupts the normal workings of the brain), Vascular dementia (where problems with blood circulation result in parts of the brain not receiving enough blood and oxygen), Dementia with Lewy bodies (where abnormal structures, known as Lewy bodies, develop inside the brain), Frontotemporal dementia (where the frontal and temporal lobes (two parts of the brain) begin to shrink. Unlike other types of dementia, frontotemporal dementia usually develops in people who are under 65. It is much rarer than other types of dementia).

Our dementia Blogs

Testing stress training for black and minority ethnic carers of people with dementia

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Mary Larkin finds out if a US carer support programme is effective for black and minority ethnic carers of people living with Alzhemier’s disease.

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The meanings of dementia care settings through dress

'It is important to see that ‘dressing’ is not the only time care home staff and residents manage clothing and accoutrements.

In this blog, Jill Manthorpe finds out how a ‘cultural gerontology’ study into dementia and dress can help with good practice in residential and nursing homes.

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Population screening for dementia

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Rosalyn Nelson reports on a recent systematic review about population screening for dementia, which highlights the negative attitudes of patients, carers and health care professionals towards screening. She asks: what are the risks of ignoring diagnosis?

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Organisational co-production and social prescribing for dementia

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Mike Clark considers some of the challenges of organisational co-production revealed by a study on social prescribing for people living with dementia.

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Dementia and hospitalisation: how do family carers respond?

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Clarissa Giebel analyses an Australian qualitative study into family carer feelings and responses, when their loved one with dementia is admitted to hospital.

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Smoking is associated with an increased risk of dementia

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Caroline Struthers reports on a recent meta-analysis, which finds that smoking is associated with an increased risk of dementia. The review finds that quitting smoking reduces the risk to the same level as those who have never smoked.

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Measuring concepts of dementia in UK Asian communities

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Caroline Struthers critically analyses research on a tool to capture understandings of dementia in UK South Asian communities and wonders about the application of the study to social care practice.

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Which quality of life measure is best for care homes?

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Clarissa Giebel interrogates a systematic review on quality of life measures for people living in care homes and discovers what’s best for people with dementia as well as those without.

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The Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale is a good tool for diagnosing dementia in multicultural populations

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Clarissa Giebel summarises a systematic review, which concludes that the Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS) has good sensitivity (77.2%) and specificity (85.9%) for diagnosing dementia in multicultural populations.

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