We have posted previously about the impact of carer attributions regarding the behaviour of people with learning disabilities and the impact these can have on carer responses. The authors of this systematic review were interested in the effects of carer training in challenging and complex behaviour.
The researchers searched the literature and included papers that reported outcomes for carer training on the behaviour of people with learning disabilities using measures of carer attribution of behaviour. They considered characteristics of scales content and length of training as possible factors affecting changes in attribution.
They found 11 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Most of the papers were studies using behavioural curricula for training. None explicitly set out to change attributions.
They found 8 of the 11 papers reporting changes in attribution, but it was not possible from the results presented to distinguish studies that reported such changes and those that did not.
The authors conclude that they found changes in beliefs and attributions occurring in the studies they reviewed, whether or not these were identified as a focus in the training. They suggest that the
formulation processes involved in behavioural training may play a key part in changing attributions as a consequence of this training.
They recommend more focused interventions that are specifically designed to change attributions and the development of measures of attribution change as a result of these interventions.
Changes in Attributions as a Consequence of Training for Challenging and Complex Behaviour for Carers of People with Learning Disabilities: A Systematic Review, Williams, S. et al,, in Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 25: 203–216