Some limited evidence that patients with previous periodontal disease at higher risk of dental implant failure

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Dental implants are now widely used to replace missing teeth and periodontal disease is an important cause of tooth loss.  As implants themselves can suffer from peri-implantitis  it is therefore of interest to as to whether patients with a history of periodontitis are of higher risk of implant failure.  This critical appraisal of a 2010 review by Saffii et al  was prepared under  auspicies of the American Dental Association Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry.

The commentator notes that  the review included only  six observational studies that included a small number of patients so provided only limited evidence indicating that patients with periodontal disease are at higher risk of implant failure.

Go To ADA-EBD Summary

Safii SH, Palmer RM, Wilson RF. Risk of implant failure and marginal bone loss in subjects with a history of periodontitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2010 Sep;12(3):165-74. Epub 2009 May 7. Review. PubMed PMID: 19438942.

Related reviews

Esposito M, Grusovin MG, Worthington HV. Interventions for replacing missing teeth: treatment of peri-implantitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD004970. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004970.pub5.

Grusovin MG, Coulthard P, Worthington HV, George P, Esposito M. Interventions for replacing missing teeth: maintaining and recovering soft tissue health around dental implants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD003069. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003069.pub4

 

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Derek Richards

Derek Richards is the Director of the Centre for Evidence-based Dentistry, Editor of the Evidence-based Dentistry Journal, Consultant in Dental Public Health with Forth Valley Health Board and Honorary Senior Lecturer at Dundee & Glasgow Dental Schools. He helped to establish both the Centre for Evidence-based Dentistry and the Evidence-based Dentistry Journal. He has been involved with teaching EBD and a wide range of evidence-based initiatives both nationally and internationally since 1994.

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